The rise of the Warmun art movement
In the area where the Gija live rock art has always been significant, and it is from this tradition that contemporary
painting has emerged. But there is more to the story...
The Gurirr Gurirr Song Cycle
In the mid-1970s when the Gija established Warmun community, they resumed their cultural activities to strengthen
community life. The performance of ceremonies played an important role to reconnect to the land and the spiritual world.
New ceremonies were found as well. They were handed over to some ritual people in special dreams.
One of the new ceremonies was the Gurirr Gurirr song cycle, which was dreamt
by Rover Thomas. It expresses the journey his classificatory mother made after she died in a car accident. It focuses
on places known and important to Gija people. The songs, which are short and repetitive, call forth spiritual, historical
and personal information about the places mentioned and personalities encountered.
The ceremony was at first performed in the community itself and later also outside it, such as in Maningrida
and Perth. Paintings played an important role in the performance: they were carried by the dancers and depicted the places
that were sung about. At first there was only one painting, on cardboard; in later performances more paintings were involved.
The picture above is a painting made by Adam Rish and Hector Jandany. Dewari guides the spirit of the dead woman
as she travels. In this painting the Dewari guides us (the dead?) on the midday show.
Paintings as teaching materials
Another incentive to produce paintings was the establishment of a local school
in Warmun, in 1978. Community members had lobbied for their own school since children started losing their language and
culture at the schools in Wyndham and Kununurra that they had to attend. In the new community school elders were actively
involved in teaching. They used paintings to accompany their story telling in the local language. Increasingly elders
began to paint and passed on the technique to others. All these works were displayed in classrooms and stored away until an
arts representative from Perth 'discovered' them, attempted to purchase them and stimulated the Warmun painters to paint
for the commercial market. The paintings then got a new destination in museums and galleries. Their aesthetics were much praised
in the art world, where Aboriginal art had just started to become acknowledged for its visual invention.